Romeo and Juliet


ROMEO:

He jests at scars that never felt a wound.

[JULIET appears above at a window.]
But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief,
That thou, her maid, art far more fair than she.
Be not her maid, since she is envious;
Her vestal livery is but sick and green
And none but fools do wear it; cast it off.
It is my lady, O, it is my love!
O, that she knew she were!
She speaks yet she says nothing; what of that?
Her eye discourses; I will answer it.
I am too bold, 'tis not to me she speaks.
Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven,
Having some business, do entreat her eyes
To twinkle in their spheres till they return.
What if her eyes were there, they in her head?
The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars,
As daylight doth a lamp; her eyes in heaven
Would through the airy region stream so bright
That birds would sing and think it were not night.
See, how she leans her cheek upon her hand!
O, that I were a glove upon that hand,
That I might touch that cheek!



"But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East and Juliet is the sun! Arise fair sun and kill the envious moon. It is the east, and Juliet is the sun"
Personification is used in "arise fair sun and kill the envious moon" as Shakespeare was giving human actions to inanimate objects, the sun and the moon. The purpose of this was to show that Juliet is the innocence of the sun, as the forbearance of their relationship is compared to the guilt hidden by the darkness of the moon.


“Her vestal livery is but sick and green”
Juliet’s “vestal livery”, or her pure identity, is being personified as “sick and green”. This is done to show that there is something abnormal pertaining to her chastity because her relationship with Romeo was a secret and this was seen as betrayal to her family.